IUIs can be performed either with the partner’s sperm or with donor sperm. It is recommended that the patient abstain from sexual intercourse for two to three days before the procedure. In some cases, it may be necessary for the female to take medication to induce ovulation if her cycles are not regular. The male will provide a semen sample one to two hours before the procedure is to be performed. The semen will be washed, a procedure in which the sperm is separated from the seminal fluid and the quality of the sperm is analyzed. Following the wash, is the insemination procedure, which only takes a few minutes and does not cause much, if any, discomfort for the female. The doctor will insert a small catheter into the uterine cavity through the cervix and inject sperm directly into the uterus. The patient is able to resume normal activity immediately following the intrauterine insemination procedure. If pregnancy does not result from the initial IUI, the procedure may be repeated during the following cycles.
Some patients who receive fertility medication will also undergo intrauterine insemination (IUI), a process by which sperm are specially prepared, and then injected into the woman’s uterus in a simple office procedure. This can be done using either husband or donor sperm. Sperm preparation is performed in our Andrology Laboratory by highly trained andrologists, who utilize meticulous specimen handling and quality control measures to ensure safety.