Laparoscopy is a telescope which is inserted through a small incision in the umbilicus (belly-button) and allows direct visualization of the pelvic organs. It is performed as an outpatient procedure and requires general anesthesia. Placing 1-3 additional ports through small (1/2 cm incisions) also allows for surgical procedures to be performed. This usually includes laser/cautery of endometriosis, or adhesiolysis (cutting scar tissue). Repair of some tubal blockage can also be performed, but this is only successful if the fimbria (“fingers” on the end of the tubes) are normal. If the tubes are completely destroyed at the ends and are swollen (hydrosalpinges), removal of the tubes or tubal ligation is recommended prior to undergoing IVF and may be performed at the time of laparoscopy.
- Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure your fertility doctor may use to look at your uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. If any problems are diagnosed, your doctor can sometimes correct them during this procedure.
- It can help your doctor diagnose fibroids, scar tissue, endometriosis, and blocked fallopian tubes- all of which can cause infertility.
- Using a narrow, fiber optic telescope inserted through a tiny incision near your navel, your doctor can examine your ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the outside of your uterus.
How is this procedure performed?
- Laparoscopy is a short surgical procedure performed under general anesthesia, so it is usually done in a hospital or surgery center.
- Infection is the most common risk for Laparoscopy procedures.
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