In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) means that the embryo is fertilized outside of the body, incubated, and then transferred back to the uterus for implantation and continued pregnancy. The first IVF baby to be born was Louise Brown in 1978. Since then, over 5 million babies have been born through IVF in the U.S. Technology has advanced dramatically since then, with a reduction in multiple gestations, increases in pregnancy success rates per embryo transfers, and an increase in the number of single embryo transfers. The advances have been attributed to improved IVF laboratory techniques, upgraded instruments/equipment, enhanced physician training, advancements in research, frozen embryo transfer, and the availability of pre-implantation genetic testing.
Assisted Laboratory Procedures
When beginning an IVF treatment, the ultimate goal for the RFC team is to work with the patients to create a healthy baby while minimizing the risk of multiples. New advances in laboratory techniques have recently enabled us to maximize success rates while minimizing the incidence of multiples. Assisted Reproductive Technologies, including intracytoplasmic sperm injection, blastocyst culture, assisted hatching, preimplantation genetic diagnosis and cryopreservation, are laboratory techniques used to work with and care for the eggs, sperm and embryos outside the body.
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